Tamil Nadu – History, Geography, Economy, Tourism
By Pronali Mukherjee
Tamil Nadu was ruled by three noteworthy lines the Cholas in the east, the Pandyas in the central zone and Cheras in the west. This was amid the Sangam Age – the established time of Tamil writing that proceeded for in the ballpark of 300 years after the conception of Christ.
The Pallava administration was powerful especially in the seventh and eighth hundreds of years, affirmations to which are the landmarks at Mamallapuram.
In the thirteenth century, with dangers of Muslim attacks from the north, the southern Hindu administrations consolidated and the realm of Vijayanagar, which secured all of South India, was solidly settled.
In any case, by the seventeenth century, because of the deterioration of the Vijayanagar Empire, different little rulers like the Nayaks ruled southern India.
By the centre of the eighteenth century, there were regular clashes between the British, French, Danes, and Dutch because of their enthusiasm for these ranges.
The British were at last successful, while little stashes like Pondicherry and Karaikal stayed under French control. Under the British guideline, a large portion of south India was incorporated into the area called the Madras Presidency. In 1956, the Madras Presidency was disbanded and Tamil Nadu was built up.
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Tamil Nadu, situated in south India, is limited on the north by Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, on the south by the Indian Ocean, on the east by the Bay of Bengal, and by Kerala on the west.
Point Calimere and the Mudumulai Wildlife Sanctuary stamp the eastern and western breaking points of the state separately. As far as possible is the Pulicat Lake while the southernmost tip, characterizing the end of the Indian landmass, is Cape Comorin or Kanyakumari.
The area can be isolated into five noteworthy physical divisions – the Kurinji or precipitous district, the Mullai or woodland locale, the Palai or dry area, the Marudham or the ripe fields and the Neidhal or waterfront district. The Eastern and Western Ghats meet in Tamil Nadu and keep running along its eastern and western limits.
The Cauvery River, beginning in the Coorg area of the neighbouring state of Karnataka, is the life saver of the state. The rich Coromandal fields are inundated by the Cauvery and its Thanjavur-Nagapattinam delta is known as the storehouse of Tamil Nadu. Palar, Pennar, Vaigai, and Tamiraparani are alternate streams of the state.
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Tamil Nadu is for the most part reliant on rainstorm downpours, and along these lines is inclined to dry seasons when the storms fall flat. The atmosphere of the state ranges from dry sub-sticky to semi-arid.
There are various hydro power stations in Tamil Nadu. The nuclear power plant is situated at Kalpakkam, in the Chengalpattu MGR region. The significant minerals found in this state are limestone, magnetite, mica, quartz, feldspar, salt, lignite, gypsum, and bauxite.
The significant businesses incorporate cotton materials, chemicals, manures, paper and paper items, printing and unified commercial enterprises, diesel motors, vehicles and parts, concrete, sugar, iron and steel, and railroad wagon and mentors.
The state is an essential exporter of cowhide and calfskin items, cotton merchandise, tea, espresso, flavours, tobacco, and so on. The state’s economy is generally horticulture based and 70% of the populace is included in this industry. The main nourishment products are rice, maize, jowar, bajra, ragi, and pulses.
The money products incorporate cotton, sugarcane, oilseeds, espresso, tea, elastic, and chillies. Around 17% of the state’s aggregate area zone is under woodland spread.
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