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Mohammad Hidayatullah Biography

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The sixth vice president of India, Mohammad Hidayatullah, or Justice Hidayatullah as he was commonly referred to, was born on the 17th of December, in the year 1905. The 11th Chief Justice of the country, he served with that title for two years, from the 25th of February 1968 until the 16th of December, 2970.

Born into a rich upper caste family in the city of Lucknow, he pursued his education from a number of places, which include the Government High School situated in Raipur, Morris College in Nagpur and then the Trinity College at the University of Cambridge.

He got an LL. D. degree from the University of Philippines and a D. Litt degree from the University of Kakatiya and the University of Bhopal. He was honored with a gold medal for his outstanding performance in the year 1930. The same year, he was posted as the Barrister of Law and got married.

He started practicing as a High Court of Central Provinces advocate after coming back to India and soon became the Additional Judge of the High Court in the year 1946. In the year 1954, he became the youngest High Court Chief Justice to be ever elected, and the same year he was also appointed as the Chief Justice of the Nagpur High Court.

In the year 1956, he became the Chief Justice of the Madhya Pradesh High Court, and two years later, in 1958, he became the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India. He also holds the record of being the first Muslim Chief Justice of the country, and retired from the post in December, 1970.

After the then president of India, Zakir Hussain’s demise, Hidayatullah acted as the president for a brief period, and later served as the Vice President of India from 31st August 1976 until 30th August, 1984, for a period of eight years.

He breathed his last on the 18th of September, 1992. The famous Hidayatullah National Law University is named after him.

Arshad Hidayatullah, his son, is currently appointed as a senior counsel at the Supreme Court of India.

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