Maulana Abul Kalam Azad – Freedom Fighter of India
Abul Kalam Azad was a renowned senior political leader in the independence movement of India, who actively participated in all activities of the country’s freedom struggle. He was born on the 11th of November, in the year 1888, and was a popular scholar, who is known for the record of becoming the first minister of education in independent India.
He was rewarded with the title of “Maulana” by the general public – with Maulana meaning “a learned man” and thus, went on to be known as “Maulana Azad,” where Azad was of course his last name.
His endless contributions to the social causes; most significantly the education foundation in India, is celebrated in the nation as National Education Day on his birthday, i.e. the 11th of November, every year.
Other than politics and education, he was also a popular journalist who authored a number of literary works, on genres like religion and philosophy. A master in Urdu language, he would quite often write poems in Urdu.
He was a prominent figure during India’s freedom movements, such as the non-cooperation movement and the civil disobedience movement, andduring 1923, at the age of 35, he became a record holder by being the youngest person to ever be elected as the president of the Indian National Congress.
The government of India honored him with the Bharat Ratna Award in the year 1992, posthumously, after he passed away in 1958.