Bharat Stories
Light of Knowledge

Kodaikanal – Beautiful Hill Station

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By Smitakshi Guha

Located in the Dindigul district of the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Kodaikanal is a popular and beautiful hill station that is often regarded as the “princess of hill stations,” and currently enjoys a perfect stature of being one of the best tourist spots in Southern India. It stands at an elevation of around 2,133 meters. It was established in the year 1845 as a perfect getaway spot from summer heat and diseases. Lietrally, the word “Kodaikanal,” means the “gift of forest” in Tamil language. According to the 2011 census of India, the total population of Kodaikanal is around 36, 501 people. The official language of Kodaikanal is the same as the state of Tamil Nadu, that is Tamil. Another language called Badaga too is widely spoken in this region.

Historically, references and mentions of Kodaikanal as well as Palani can be found in the ancient Tamil Sangam Literature. It is only towards the 20th century that people started realizing the value of Kodaikanal as a hill station and many elite people started relocating here. As on today, the local economy of this region is generated through the tourism and hospitality industry.

Due to being at a high elevation, the place has a cool and soothing climate throughout the year making it a perfect and must visit tourist spot during the scorching summers in India. The place also houses a list of regular and residential schools surrounded by the picturesque beauty of nature.

The main tourist attraction sites in Kodaikanal are as follows:

  • The Kodaikanal Lake
  • The Bryant Park
  • The Coaker’s Walk
  • The Green Valley View
  • The Bear Shola Falls
  • The Pine Forests
  • The Shembaganur Museum of Natural History
  • The Kodaikanal Solar Observatory
  • The Guna Caves
  • The Pillar Rocks
  • The Dolphin’s Nose
  • The Kurinji Andavar Murugan Temple
  • The Berijam Lake

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