HEPATITIS B – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
Hepatitis B is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). The disease was previously known by the name of “Serum Hepatitis.” The disease can lead to chronic liver infection, and in some cases, can also be fatal. Majority of the people seem to have unidentified symptoms of the infection at initial stage despite being infected. Eventually, the symptoms show up, some of which include vomiting, nausea, mild fever, abdominal pain, yellowish skin, dark urine, all of which are followed by jaundice, which validates that the patient’s liver is highly severely affected.
If chronic Hepatitis B develops in a person, chances are that eventually it may turn into liver cancer or cirrhosis. Statistics say that approximately 25% of the infected people who have chronic hepatitis B, die from the disease.
The infection can only be spread through contact of blood, wherein the transmission happens through exchange of bodily fluids, sexual intercourse, intravenous drug usage. In most of the cases, the infection is transmitted at birth, and symptoms hardly show in the initial years of life. Additionally, risk of infection is also high for those who go through blood transfusion, dialysis, or simply stay with an infected person. Earlier, even the process of getting a tattoo too sometimes posed the risk of infection leading to some cases of hepatitis B; however, over the years this risk has radically reduced with growing sterility in such processes.
According to recent statistics, approximately 7,50,000 people die of being infected by Hepatitis B. Among these, 3,00,000 people belong to the ones dying of liver cancer. Currently, to prevent the spread of this infection, research is going on to build foods that contain vaccinations against the HBV.
Coming to the prevention of treatment of this infection, the World Health Organization recommends the vaccination against Hepatitis B that was discovered in the year 1982. WHO recommends the vaccination to be given to an individual right on the first day of their birth to prevent any risk of developing the viral infection later in life. If the infection becomes chronic, leading to a severe condition like cirrhosis, liver transplant is the only solution that exists that time.
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