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Heart Diseases: Types, Symptoms, Treatment

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Also known as cardiovascular diseases, heart diseases, as the name suggests is a list of diseases related to the human heart- one of the most vital organs of human body. The fundamental aspect of it is any damage or blockage in the heart through the coronary arteries, wherein the supply of blood, oxygen to the heart becomes hindered. In fact, this aspect is one of the main reasons that people end up having heart attacks. It is till today one of the most concerning and common health conditions, and heart diseases are also something that is the number one killer in the United States of America.

The various types of heart diseases are as follows:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Heart attack
  • Enlarged heart- medically known as Cardiomegaly
  • Irregular heart rhythm
  • Heart rhythm disorders
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Heart valve diseases
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Sudden cardiac death
  • Heart muscle disease, also known as cardiomyopathy
  • Restricted cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Pericardial effusion
  • Pericarditis
  • Heart murmurs
  • Marfan syndrome

When it comes to the symptoms of heart diseases, they are hard to spot at times, but if you are keen, you might be able to notice it before hand. Coming to coronary heart disease, the most common warning signs you will get include chest pain and at times agina—which is basically the feeling that your chest is being squeezed. It makes one feel extreme discomfort, heaviness, and painful too. Most of the times the person takes it rather as a sign of indigestion, ruling out the possibility of heart disease completely, and that is where they go wrong. Other common symptoms include nausea, frequent sweating, irregular heartbeats, dizziness, as well as hitched breaths.

When a person is having a heart attack, he may get symptoms at a break of 30 minutes and one must never delay to seek medical help then and there, otherwise the damage caused to the heart would be extensive.

The treatment of this illness varies from low to high tech, depending on the need of the hour. The chain of survival, as regarded by many health organizations is the CPR—Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation. This is the immediate way of trying to ease the pain of a patient. Then come the main methods, which include- Heart bypass surgery, angioplasty and stents, cardioversion, valve disease treatment, ablation, EECP, and many more, as recommended by the cardiologists depending upon the condition of the heart.

Featured Image Source: pinterest.com

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