Colorectal Cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments
Also known by the names of colon cancer, bowel cancer, as well as rectal cancer, colorectal cancer in simple words is the spread of abnormal cancer cells in the colon or the rectum in human body. According to the World Health Organization, this form of cancer is the second most common types of cancer in the entire world, the first being lung cancer. Statistics suggest that this form of cancer is more common in men than women. And also, since the last 20 years, with increasing technology, and better options in screening colorectal cancer during its early stages, the death rate from this cancer has significantly started lowering.
Unlike most other cancers, generally colon cancer can be both benign or malignant, wherein the former doesn’t spread and stays at place of origin in the body and the malignant one is which can efficiently spread across other parts of the body, causing more damage. Both colon and rectum together combined is known as the human body’s large bowel, wherein they deal with digestive aspects of the body, starting from storing water and nutrients to storing feces like stools, wastes, etc.)
Coming to the symptoms of colon cancer, one may see these common warning signs like constipation, having the need of going to urinate more often than usual, diarrhea, having bloody stools, feeling bloating in the abdomen often, frequent abdominal pain, uncomfortable and unsatisfactory bowel movements, vomiting, frequent fatigue, noticeable weight loss, intense iron deficiency in the blood, as well as a swelling or lump in one’s belly.
While there’s no substantial proof that cements the true causes of colon cancer, doctors say that there are some people who are at a risk zone due to a number of things, like being elderly, someone with a history of colon cancer in the family, someone with a diet high in calories, animal protein, saturated fats, and also dietary fiber. A person who has a high consumption of alcohol, a person with ulcerative cells, etc.
The stages of this type of cancer vary from 0 to IV, and an added stage of recurrent behavior. Treatment is based on identification of type, stage, and location, which can be found out by screening, and based on that doctors decide whether one needs surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.
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