A renowned scientist in the history of India, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman won the Nobel Prize in 1930, for his discoveries in science and was the first one to win it in this category.
Born in Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, on November 7th, 1888, Raman had been a creative genius since childhood and began his research venture at a very early age. His thesis on the diffraction of light was published in 1906 and the following year he became the Deputy Accountant General in Calcutta. Although his job occupied most of his time, he still devoted his evenings in pursuing his research career, collaborating with the Indian Association for Cultivation of Sciences.
In the year 1917, he became the professor of Physics at the University of Calcutta, after resigning from his job. His Nobel Prize winning discovery in sciences, known as the Raman Effect that revolved around the scattering of lights was said to be an invention made with equipment costing just Rs. 200 INR. Ironically, the same invention, as on today, is operated with equipments worth millions of rupees.
With his research and other scientific discoveries, Raman established scientific and rational reasoning for the blue color of the sky and the water. His discoveries have been a strong source for other scientists to draw references from, and the Raman Effect has been widely appreciated by scientists and researchers all over the world as a tool that guides and helps them to study other natures of science, chemical compounds and laser spectrum.
Apart from these subjects, Raman also took immense interest in understanding and studying the physiology of human vision, and in the year 1921, he began his foreign journey to Europe, where he published some more of his research work and in 1924, he became a part of the Royal Society of London.
Raman marked the beginning of another venture in India in the year 1925, when he established the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore and continued to pursue his research career in this place for a long period of time. He always advised his fellow scientists to base their research more on their individual, independent thinking rather than just the equipments.
He passed away on November 21, 1970 at the age of 82 from a strong cardiac arrest.