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Brain Cancer: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

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The development of metastasis, which is the spread of a malignant tumor in the brain is what is originally brain cancer, a condition where abnormal cells unwarrantedly multiple at a fast pace. While true brain cancer is the one where the cancer develops within the brain itself, one can also develop brain cancer if the cancer from any other parts of their body spreads and then targets the brain, resulting in brain cancer.

The diagnosis of brain cancer is pretty difficult in adults as compared to children and it is mostly only in the advanced stage that a proper diagnosis can be made of the cancer. Like other forms of cancer, brain cancer’s symptoms as well as treatments too vary on the basis of various factors like the grade of the cancer, which demonstrates how aggressive the patient’s cancer is, the stage of cancer, which ranges from early stage to advanced stage, and then of course, the type of brain cancer, wherein it is determined as to which of the brain cells gave rise to the malignant tumor.

Coming to the symptoms of brain cancer, they can always vary, however the most common ones are facing weakness in day to day activities, frequent headaches, difficulty in walking properly, having dizziness a little too often, as well as seizures. Other than these, one may also experience signs like nausea, vomiting, blurry vision, loss of focus when reading or trying to concentrate on a particular thing, difficulty in assimilating and processing thoughts, facing difficulty in memorizing things, and also unable to be mentally alert.

In some cases, a person may also face the situation of hallucinating things. The diagnosis of brain cancer is generally done through MRI brain imaging process, or CT scan, along with other medical records check. In some cases, a brain tissue biopsy, which is the study of the tissues under the microscope, is also performed.

Based on the condition, grade, stage, and type of cancer, along with a person’s age and their quality of life, doctors decide their way of treatment, which can either be surgery, radiotherapy, or even chemotherapy, which can be performed solo or combined.

Featured Image Source: brainfacts.org

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