History of Qutub Minar
With a diameter of 14.32 meters at the base, 2.75 meters at the top and a height of 72.5 meters, Qutub Minar is the tallest tower in India. It is composed of red and buff sandstone and was built in the year 1199 AD.
The foundation stone of the monument was laid by Qutbu’d-Din Aibak with the main purpose of having a structure that could be used to give calls for prayers. The initial construction had only one storey and later Aibak’s son-in-law and successor, Shamsu’d-Din Iltutmish added three more storeys to the structure.
Each of the storey have a connected balcony that encircles the monument, fitting its round structure, which are surrounded and supported by stone brackets designed like a honey-comb, which is more prominent in the first storey of the Minar.
The monument is decked with a variety of inscriptions in Arabic as well as Nagari that convey to the viewer various aspects of Qutb’s life. The structure went through a lot of repair work by Firoz Shah Tughlaq and Sikandar Lodhi.
Aibak also built a mosque to the north-west direction of the Minar in 1198 AD, which is known as the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque. Aibak demolished a number of Hindu and Jain temples to pave way for the construction of the mosque, and this event is written in the inscriptions in the Minar.