A.P.J. Abdul Kalam – Bharat Ratna Adward Winner
Born on the 15th of October in the year 1931, Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, commonly known just as A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is a renowned scientist, he started his career as an aeronautical engineer and went on to become the 11th president of independent India, serving the nation from the year 2002 until 2007, for a period of five years.
Born and brought up in Rameswaram, in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Kalam was a prominent figure in the field of science and research and spent around four decades, collaborating with the Indian Space Research Organization as well as the Defense Research and Development Organization.
Regarded as the “missile man of India,” he played a pivotal role in the nuclear tests of the country, especially the Pokhran-II nuclear tests that took place in the year 1998.
With ardent support from the Indian National Congress Party as well as the Bharatiya Janta Party, he was unanimously elected as the president of India in the year 2002, and once his tenure of presidency was over in the year 2007, he returned to his ordinary life where he focused on science, research as well as public service.
The government of India honored him with the Bharat Ratna Award in the year 1997.