Bharat Stories
Light of Knowledge

The Western Chalukyas

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By Pronali Mukherjee

The Western Chalukya Empire governed the majority of the western Deccan, South India, between the tenth and twelfth hundreds of years. This Kannadiga line is infrequently called the Kalyani Chalukya after its magnificent capital at Kalyani, today’s Basavakalyan in Karnataka and then again the Later Chalukya from its hypothetical relationship to the sixth century Chalukya line of Badami. The tradition is called Western Chalukyas to separate from the contemporaneous Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi, a different line.

Preceding the ascent of the Chalukyas, the Rashtrakuta realm of Manyakheta controlled the vast majority of Deccan and Central India for more than two centuries.

In 973, seeing perplexity in the Rashtrakuta domain after an effective intrusion of their capital by the leader of the Paramara administration of Malwa, Tailapa II, a feudatory of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty administering from Bijapur area crushed his overlords and made Manyakheta his capital. The administration rapidly rose to control and developed into a realm under Somesvara I who moved the funding to Kalyani.

For over a century, the two domains of Southern India, the Western Chalukyas and the Chola line of Tanjore battled numerous savage wars to control the ripe area of Vengi. Amid these contentions, the Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi, far off cousins of the Western Chalukyas yet identified with the Cholas by marriage brought sides with the Cholas further confounding the circumstance.

 Amid the standard of Vikramaditya VI, in the late eleventh and mid twelfth hundreds of years, the Western Chalukyas convincingly battled with the Cholas and came to crest ruling regions that spread over the vast majority of the Deccan, between the Narmada River in the north and Kaveri River in the south.

 Western_Chalukya_SculpturesImage Source: indianetzone.com

His adventures were not constrained toward the south for even as a sovereign, amid the principle of Somesvara I, he had driven fruitful military crusades as far east as cutting edge Bihar and Bengal. During this period the other real managing groups of the Deccan, the Hoysalas, the Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri, the Kakatiya tradition and the Southern Kalachuri, were subordinates of the Western Chalukyas and picked up their freedom just when the power of the Chalukya wound down amid the later a large portion of the twelfth century.

The Western Chalukyas added to a structural style referred to today as a transitional style, an engineering connection between the style of the early Chalukya tradition and that of the later Hoysala realm. The greater parts of its landmarks are in the regions bordering the Tungabhadra River in central Karnataka.

Coins_of_Chalukya_DynastyImage Source: indianetzone.com

Understood illustrations are the Kasivisvesvara Temple at Lakkundi, the Mallikarjuna Temple at Kuruvatti, and the Kallesvara Temple at Bagali and the Mahadeva Temple at Itagi. This was an essential period in the improvement of expressive arts in Southern India, particularly in writing as the Western Chalukya rulers empowered essayists in the local dialect Kannada, and Sanskrit.

Featured Image Source: en.wikipedia.org

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