Puducherry (Pondicherry) – Economy, History, Geography, Tourism
By Pronali Mukherjee
There are proofs of the Pallava, Chola and the Vijayanagar realms around the city. What’s intriguing are the relics of Arekmedu, the acclaimed archaeological city with a port through which significant exchange was led with the Roman Empire.
It is through this port that India used to fare silk, spices, even flying creatures, lions, elephants to the Roman Empire in return for gold. In the sixteenth century, the Portuguese initially touched base here and afterward the next century the Danes showed up. In 1673, the French arrived. Till then, Pondicherry was a weaving and fishing town.
The French quarters began along the ocean and stretched out toward the south, up and down the ocean. The city gradually developed with the post at its middle. The town organizers attempted to execute this matrix framework efficiently. It obliged the recreation of numerous houses, for the most part those of the Tamilians.
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It likewise obliged the strict execution of regulations. Taking all things together, it took the French right around a century to actualize the arrangement – that of the present concentric example with the fortification at the inside and lanes encompassing it. It has, on the other hand, extended past the lane as of late.
Today, some nearby zones, which were already towns, have been incorporated inside of as far as possible. Around the 1760’s, the British wrecked the city including the post. At the point when the French reoccupied it, the greater part of the structures were recreated yet not the stronghold.
In the last piece of the eighteenth and mid nineteenth century, Pondicherry again fell into British hands and all development movement halted. The vast majority of the present day structures came up in the nineteenth century, which likewise denoted the approach of water supply in the city and the railroad, join with British India. By the twentieth century, the city had extended to incorporate numerous neighbouring towns, albeit few progressions were made in the internal city.
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This French settlement turned into a piece of the Indian Union in the mid 1950’s, with the French intentionally surrendering control. Today, the Union Territory of Pondicherry incorporates the other three French enclaves of Karaikal (in Tamil Nadu), Mahe (in Kerala) and Yanam (in Andhra Pradesh).
The Union Territory of Pondicherry stretches out from Latitude 11056′ in the North to Longitude 79053′ in the East. Pondicherry includes four waterfront locales in particular Pondicherry, Karaikal, Mahe, and Yanam.
Pondicherry and Karaikal are arranged on the East Coasts in Tamil Nadu, Yanam in Andhra Pradesh, and Mahe on the West Coast in Kerala. It is still not realized that why, French and British restricted their regions in the blending way, making Pondicherry an unconventional case for regional ward.
Pondicherry pretty much is a level area without any slopes and timberlands. Sprinkled with parts of Cuddalore and Villupuram regions of Tamil Nadu, the Union Territory of Pondicherry presents a photo of scattered parts. Primary soil sorts are red ferrallitic, dark dirt, and seaside alluvial.
The Union Territory comprises of four different geological territories, viz. Pondicherry and Karaikal close Tamil Nadu, Mahe in Kerala and Yanam in Andhra Pradesh.
The economy of each of these four sub-units is identified with its hinterland in the particular state, and has little to do with whatever is left of the Union Territory in that capacity. This is especially valid for Mahe and Yanam, which are monetarily incorporated with Kerala and Andhra Pradesh, and can’t be said to have an independent presence. Indeed, even on account of Pondicherry, the area territory is non contiguous, since there are a few enclaves of Pondicherry inside Tamil Nadu.
Thusly, the Pondicherry economy can be portrayed as an “open” economy with streams of for all intents and purposes all components of generation including regular assets, work, capital and innovation.
Land and water administration in Tamil Nadu influence Pondicherry and Karaikal. Karaikal is situated in the delta of the Cauvery, and is specifically subject to the streams in the Cauvery. Essentially, both surface and ground water use in the closeness of Pondicherry would influence accessibility.
Horticulture and area use can’t be considered in disengagement from the bordering zones of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. Money related streams to Pondicherry happen from abutting states, as well as from diverse parts of the nation in different structures for ventures, administrations, and so forth.
As specified, there are additionally spills out of outside the nation because of both settlements from NRIs and annuities paid by the French Government.
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